What is dual study and why does it make sense to study dual? In this article we go into the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the different models of a dual study program.
What is a dual degree?
The main feature of a dual degree is the change between theory and practice . On the one hand you take part in lectures in a university or vocational academy, on the other hand you gain practical experience in a company .
Dual study: what are the advantages?
There are many advantages to a dual degree. The practical experience gained during your studies is of greatest importance . Companies often hope that these collaborations will provide well-trained and well-trained young people. A dual degree therefore sometimes provides better job opportunities than a normal degree.
The degree itself is a recognized Bachelor . With some degree courses, you also acquire a qualification in addition to this. You receive a salary during your studies , which is determined by the employer and thus provides additional financial support for the study.
Dual students often finance their studies at the same time by working in the company.
The disadvantages of dual studies
Despite all the advantages, a dual degree is also a double burden . Depending on the model, over 50 hours a week can quickly come together over a period of almost 3 to 4 years. The choice of degree programs is also limited . This varies greatly depending on where you live.
Since a training or internship contract is concluded with the companies , you have to take care of the application in good time – sometimes one year in advance. Dual courses of study have not yet fully arrived in business. This means that there are many interested parties for some offers.
The different time models
There are several variants for a dual degree. The most common is the practice-integrated / cooperative dual study program. You acquire a bachelor’s degree, gain experience, but do not get a training degree.
When and how theory and practice alternate here depends on the time model of the course . This is contractually agreed between the university and the company. Students have no control over it.
The block model
In the block model , longer phases at the university alternate with longer phases in the company.
- Variant 1: In variant 1, a 3-month system is used. You attend lectures for three months (or 12 weeks) and work for three months in the company. This is usually independent of normal semester times.
- Variant 2: Here too, longer phases alternate. In variant 2, the usual course of study is used. You take part in the normal lectures at the university, while the practical phases take place during the semester break, i.e. during the semester break.
- Advantages: In this model you can concentrate completely on the current lecture or practical phase. Travel times and living situation can be coordinated well.
- Disadvantages: The disadvantages of this model are mainly important for the practical phase. In a company, many important decisions and developments can be missed if you are absent for several weeks.
The weekly model
In the weekly model , the student spends part of the week at the university and part in the company. Process: Usually a 3 and 2 day system is used. The student gains 3 days of practical experience and 2 days of theory.
- Advantages: You can immediately apply what you have learned theoretically and thus deepen it. In addition, you are regularly present in the practical phase and more involved in the processes.
- Disadvantages: You have to be able to switch quickly between subject-specific learning and the complex relationships in a company. This requires a high degree of organizational talent.
There are variants in which the student attends part-time lectures – for example in the evening or at the weekend. A distance learning course accompanying practice also counts in part as a dual study course. The timing of these models differs from case to case.
Dual studies: These courses are available
There is also a dual offer for almost all “normal” courses. However, this statement applies throughout Germany. There are different offers depending on the region. For example, dual studies are more common in Bavaria than in other federal states.
In large “student cities” there are many offers, but a little further in the country it looks very different.
How many dual study programs are available in Germany, however, can never be determined precisely, as new offers are constantly being added and others are disappearing.
Nevertheless, studycheck.de, for example, provides an initial indication of an approximate number. It lists 16,256 “normal” programs, in relation to it , but only 1,246 dual degree programs. (As of November 2019)
What requirements do I need for a dual degree?
In order to start a dual study program, the following requirements must be met:
- You need the general university entrance qualification (Abitur) or
- subject-related university entrance qualification or
- the technical college entrance qualification.
Furthermore, in the case of a dual study program, there must be an apprenticeship or internship contract with the relevant company .
There is rarely a numerus clausus (NC) for dual study programs , but there are exceptions. Nevertheless, the school grades are important when applying: the partner company of the university could sort out applicants by grades.
The training or internship contract binds you to the company for a certain period of time. A dual study program can therefore not be canceled so easily.
Applying for a dual degree
As for the application for a dual degree is concerned, there are two possibilities:
- You first apply to a company and then enroll at the university.
The contract concluded with the partner company is often a prerequisite for universities to be enrolled in the first place.
- The other variant is rather the exception and is only required by a few private universities. Here, the university has to agree and then the application goes on to the partner companies. The exact procedure can be found in the information material and on the websites of the relevant universities.
Do you have any questions about dual studies? Just leave us a comment! 🙂